What is Coronary Artery Disease?
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a disease where your coronary arteries get narrowed, hardened, narrowed, or narrowed again. There are several heart diseases including coronary artery disease and if not diagnosed in time, it could lead to heart attack or heart failure. The blood flow to your heart is stopped and it will cause an arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat. This will result in you losing your breath and if you don’t go to the hospital then your heart may stop beating.
Coronary artery disease causes inflammation, obstruction, and narrowing of your coronary arteries. But there are several ways to prevent from Coronary Artery Disease. These are simple lifestyle changes you can make to improve your heart health.
Causes of Coronary Artery Disease
What are the causes of coronary heart disease? This is a condition where a fatty deposits and cell proliferation build up in the arteries supplying the heart muscle and is often called “coronary artery disease”. This is the most common form of heart problems. The question is who are at risk in having this disease? And What are the predisposing factors?
Old age is one of the major risks of coronary heart disease. About 80% of people die from heart disease, most of them 65 years of age or older. Inheritance is also a factor, if children with parents with heart disease are more likely to keep quiet. Another thing is that cigarettes and cigarettes. Smokers’ risk of heart disease is twice as high as that of non-smokers. High blood pressure increases the heart rate which causes it to increase and become weaker over time. As blood cholesterol levels increase, a person is at greater risk for heart disease.
Here is how coronary artery disease is caused:
Here are the main causes of coronary artery disease. Risk factors High cholesterol. Older age, diabetes, cigarette smoking. Disease process Coronary artery disease often starts when plaque builds up inside your coronary arteries. Plaque causes the arteries through narrow, causing them to restrict blood flow and raising your risk of a heart attack or stroke. The narrowing, or atherosclerosis, is most severe in the top two inches of your coronary arteries, also known as the descending aorta (back of the heart). To diagnose coronary artery disease, your doctor may do an ultrasound or stress test.
Avoidable & Unavoidable Risk Factors
There are several risk factors that can increase your risk for this disease. While you have a certain amount of control over some of the factors, the others, such as age and genetics, are unavoidable.
- Unavoidable Factors: Age, gender, and genetics are two unavoidable risk factors for developing coronary heart disease. Narrowing and sclerosis of the arteries increases the susceptibility to diseases with age. By taking the necessary precautions to reduce the risk to a certain extent. With a family history of heart disease, more than one family member developed it at an early age and is at high risk. Statistics also show that men are more susceptible to coronary heart disease, while women’s risk increases after menopause.
- Avoidable Factors: There are a number of health and lifestyle factors that can have a high risk of developing this condition. Smoking significantly increases the risk. This is due to severe damage to the blood vessels due to nicotine and carbon monoxide. High blood pressure and high cholesterol significantly increase the risk, because in a hurry thicken and harden the arteries, which makes it difficult for blood to flow to the heart. Diabetes, lack of physical activity, obesity, and excessive stress can all contribute to other risk factors.
How to prevent coronary artery disease?
Prevention of coronary artery disease is difficult because there is no clear method.
Ways to Treat Coronary Artery Disease
There are different ways to treat coronary artery disease and some of them are listed below:
- One of the most effective methods of treating coronary heart disease is through the use of medications. Chest pain, therefore, can be successfully treated with nitrates and calcium channel blockers.
- If the disease affects one or two vessels, but is limited in nature, then doctors will perform angioplasty. This is a non-surgical procedure that uses a medical bottle to open clogged arteries.
- If the drugs are not used in the treatment of coronary heart disease, the doctors are going to take the samples to see how serious the disease is. Typically, other tests, such as stress Thallium scintigraphy, ultrasound, and coronary angiography will be performed in order to verify the severity of the disease.
- Coronary heart disease caused serious damage to the arteries when angioplasty was performed, and then a stent was inserted to keep the damaged arteries open.
- However, in some patients with arterial damage it may be bad as coronary artery bypass grafting may not be possible. Then the alternative is to use a laser to make an energy hole, through the heart, blood can flow to the heart muscles. This procedure is known as Laser Revascularization.
Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease
A person with coronary artery disease may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
- Abdominal pain Chest
- pain Fatigue
- Fatigue Chills Feeling short of breath Palpitations
- Bad chest pain
- Cold hands and feet
- Irregular heartbeats
The National Institutes of Health say CAD usually starts with signs and symptoms, but in more than 10 percent of cases, CAD may cause no symptoms at all.
10 Ways to Prevent Coronary Artery Disease
Quit Smoking Quitting smoking is one of the single most important things you can do to prevent coronary artery disease. A major problem is that smoking has such an addictive effect on our brain that the longer we smoke, the harder it is for us to quit. If you’ve tried quitting before but failed, or if you think you might quit, now’s the time to try again, and stick to it! For many people, quitting smoking is the best thing they can do to prevent heart disease.
Limit the Intake of Processed Food and Unhealthy Fats Processed foods and foods high in saturated fat are linked to coronary artery disease. Unprocessed foods such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lean meats and fish are also good.
- It’s important to maintain a healthy diet and exercise routine, especially if you smoke.
- If you smoke, ask your doctor about advice for quitting.
- Drink moderately, especially water.
- Don’t smoke.
- Don’t drink alcohol.
- Don’t eat spicy foods.
- Eat low salt foods.
- Get regular exercise.
- Exercise at least 30 minutes a day, five days a week.
- Don’t get dehydrated.
Coronary Artery Disease: It’s a common condition that increases your risk of heart attack or stroke. If you have coronary artery disease, your blood circulation is not good. This reduces blood flow to the heart, causing it to become weaker. The damage to the heart increases your risk of heart attack or stroke. Coronary artery disease is one of the major causes of heart attack or stroke.
Biology: Coronary Artery disease can be caused by genetic and physical factors, as well as lifestyle. In some cases, exposure to certain chemicals, toxins, or viruses, during a period of development, may have contributed to the condition.
Poor diet and physical inactivity: A diet low in healthy fats, rich in sodium, sugar, and calories can make a person more vulnerable to developing atherosclerosis, causing the arteries to harden and become prone to build-up. Smoking can be a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, and smoking has been linked to as much as 25-50% of all coronary artery disease cases.
- Coronary Artery Disease – My.clevelandclinic.org
- How to manage High Blood Pressure – Ways to Control Naturally at Home
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