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INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is a group of problems related to the heart and cardiovascular system (or blood vessels). Although other cardiovascular diseases such as congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart valve diseases, rheumatic disease, etc., can be caused by diet and lifestyle, most heart diseases such as heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke are directly related to the narrowing and narrowing of the blood vessels called atherosclerosis, which are also involved in diet and health. Healthy arteries are elastic, strong, and flexible, which helps them to withstand the pressure found on the walls of blood vessels. Arterial stiffness is caused by increased blood pressure on the walls of the arteries. The narrowing of the blood vessels is caused by the formation of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the arteries leading to the formation of plaque, which can sometimes break down and form clots that block blood vessels. Arterial stiffness and narrowing of the arteries lead to blocked movement and sometimes block the flow of blood to the heart and brain. Heart disease is the most common cause of death worldwide. More people die of heart disease than any other type of cancer combined.


  • Most western countries suffer from high and growing rates of cardiovascular disease. More people die from the disease each year than cancer. The study concludes that heart disease alone causes 30% of deaths, while other cardiovascular diseases cause major death and disability. Every 2 out of 3 heart deaths occur without the diagnosis of heart disease.


Types Of Cardiovascular Disease:

There are many types of heart disease or stroke. However, this post is about the 3 most commonly seen cardiovascular diseases: Coronary heart disease, heart failure, and Atherosclerosis.




This cardiovascular disease occurs when the arteries are permanently blocked or partially blocked. What prevents sudden arteries that work properly..? Dead cells, fats, cholesterol and calcium are the main building blocks of blood vessels. Reports suggest that more than 60% of all deaths related to heart disease are the result of heart disease. One of the main reasons why people die from this disease is that it does not have the right symptoms unless the arteries are blocked.



This cardiovascular disease occurs when the heart fails to pump the required amount of whole blood. Heart failure has certain obvious symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, chest pain and shortness of breath. What are the major causes of this disease? Its causes are high blood pressure, hemochromatosis, amyloidosis and myocarditis.



This heart disease occurs when there is a lack of oxygen in the heart. Atherosclerosis also occurs when other parts of the body, such as the eyes, brain, and kidneys, do not receive enough oxygen from the heart. The disease is also the result of blocked arteries due to the accumulation of cholesterol and its interaction with calcium and tissue.


Causes Of Cardiovascular Disease:

Medical research has revealed 2 most common causes for increased risk of cardiovascular disease and conditions such as heart disease, stroke, or high blood pressure. This is discussed below:




These are things we cannot control. Some people are at greater risk of contracting these diseases and conditions than others. For example, because of genetics some people will have higher cholesterol that will need to be treated with medication. There are also genetic factors involved. Studies have found that blacks are either at greater risk of developing high blood pressure than whites.




The environment in which we live has a profound effect on increasing the risk of disease and cardiovascular conditions. There are many external factors that can come up dangerous. For example, if you are a heavy smoker you will increase your risk of heart disease and stroke. Other things may include eating foods high in fat and sugar.

These foods regularly eat blood vessels and, in turn, increase the risk of heart attack. Another important factor is a lack of exercise. If we don’t burn fat then it will accumulate in our blood vessels and arteries and increase the risk of blockage. Also, a lack of exercise reduces heart rate and increases the risk of heart problems.

Always consult your doctor if you have any health or food allergies before changing or doing any new type of exercise or diet.


cardiovascular disease
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Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease:

Some of the most dangerous risk factors for Cardiovascular Disease are:

  • Non-modifiable risk factors: Age (the older the age, the higher the risk), gender (men are at a higher risk than women), and heredity (family history and race also plays a role in CVDs) are the risk factors cannot be modified, and so it is very important to treat and control other modifiable risk factors to reduce the risk of these diseases.


  • Modifiable risk factors: Smoking, unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, obesity and overweight, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, stress, and too much consumption of alcohol are those that can be modified. These risk factors can be modified by making changes to the diet and lifestyle, and thus reduce the risk of CVDs.
  • Increased blood cholesterol levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive Stress


In addition to the inevitable, cardiovascular diseases can be successfully treated with minimal seizures. For example, a small amount of cholesterol is good for health but its increased availability causes heart attacks and even strokes. The American Heart Association recommends about 300 milligrams of cholesterol per day. Not only that, the total caloric fat intake consumed should not exceed 29-30%, with saturated fat no more than 10% of total calories.

In their efforts to lower their high density lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol levels, many people are taking alcohol to increase the amount of high-density lipoprotein or HDL cholesterol levels. However, they fail to understand that alcohol causes nervousness, thus leading to an increase in cases of road accidents, drownings, or boat deaths. Therefore, alcohol cannot be considered as a complete solution against the rising levels of LDL cholesterol.

Just as food plays an important role in controlling the onset of heart disease, so do other harmful habits, such as smoking. Cigarette smokers are more likely to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, the lifestyle also plays an important role in determining one’s health status. Inadequate health and excessive stress can be the cause of a declining heart condition.

Risk factors for heart disease should therefore be carefully considered to prevent any fatal consequences. The risk of heart disease, caused by some of the most treatable conditions, can be easily identified by following healthy lifestyle habits.


Treatments Of Cardiovascular Disease:

The best treatment for a person will depend on the type of CVD.

However, other options include:

Medications, such as lowering lipoprotein cholesterol, improving blood flow, or controlling heart rate
surgery, such as coronary artery bypass by connection or valve repair or replacement surgery
cardiac rehabilitation, including exercise instructions and lifestyle counseling.


Omega-3 fatty acids are natural medicines and can be helpful for the heart and have a therapeutic effect. Omega-3 is found in fish such as salmon, tuna and mackerel. There are treatments that include aspirin and anti-angina medications, blood pressure and beta-blockers and cholesterol-lowering drugs. Chronic angina is treated aggressively including surgery. There are antibodies that separate blood clots. This is helpful for patients with severe heart disease.



There are medical centers that provide research and patient care through the Health system. The study aims to improve and facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. Treatment aims to improve the quality of life. There are also support groups for survivors on the side and their families. These sessions are especially helpful for those who have a stroke and need counseling. It is important to visit treatment centers every day after receiving treatment, as they will give you all the support you need for survivors of stroke or heart disease.


cardiovascular disease
image source: AApharmacy.com



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