How psoriasis develops?
Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy, red, scaly patches, especially on the knees, elbows, trunk, and scalp.la psoriasis es contagiosa
Psoriasis is a common and long-term (chronic) disease with no cure. You tend to have cycles, with flare-ups that last for weeks or months and then slow down or even go into remission. There are treatments to help control these symptoms. In addition, you can incorporate lifestyle habits and coping strategies that will help you cope better with psoriasis. but la psoriasis es contagiosa.
The signs and symptoms of psoriasis can vary from person to person. The following are common signs and symptoms:
- Reddish patches of skin covered in thick, silvery scales.
- Small scaly spots (commonly seen in children)
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed or itch
- Itching, burning, or irritation
- Thickened, pitted, or ridged nails
- Swollen and stiff joints
- Psoriasis patches can range from a few dandruff-like scaly spots to major rashes that span large areas. The most commonly affected areas are the lower back, elbows, knees, legs, soles of the feet, scalp, face, and palms of the hands.
- Most types of psoriasis have cycles, with flare-ups that last for weeks or months and then slow down or even go into remission.
There are several types of psoriasis, among others:
Plaque psoriasis: Plaque psoriasis is the most common form and produces dry, raised, red patches on the skin (lesions) covered with silver scales. Plaques may itch or be tender, and there may be few or many. They usually appear on the elbows, knees, lower back, and scalp.
Nail psoriasis: Nail Psoriasis can affect fingernails and toenails, causing pitting, abnormal growth, and color changes. Psoriatic nails can loosen and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). Severe cases can cause nails to chip.
Droplet psoriasis: This type mainly affects children and young adults. Generally, it is triggered by a bacterial infection, such as strep throat. It is marked by small, drop-shaped, scaly lesions on the trunk, arms, or legs.
Inverse psoriasis. This mainly affects the skin folds of the groin, buttocks, and breasts. Inverse psoriasis causes soft patches of red skin that are made worse by friction and sweating. Fungal infections can trigger this type of psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis. This rare form of psoriasis causes clearly defined, pus-filled lesions that occur in generalized patches (generalized pustular psoriasis) or smaller areas on the palms of the hands or soles of the feet.
Erythrodermic psoriasis. Erythrodermic psoriasis, the less common type, can encompass the entire body with a red, scaly rash, which can cause severe itching or burning.
Psoriasis arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis causes inflammation and pain in the joints, typical of arthritis. Sometimes joint symptoms are the first or only symptom or sign of psoriasis. And sometimes only nail changes are seen. Symptoms range from mild to severe, and psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint. It can cause progressive joint damage and stiffness which, in the most severe cases, can lead to permanent joint damage.
When to see a doctor?
If you suspect that you may have psoriasis, visit your doctor. Also, talk to your doctor if psoriasis:
- It is severe or generalized.
- It causes you discomfort and pain.
- You are concerned about the appearance of your skin.
- Causes joint problems, such as pain, swelling, or the inability to do your daily tasks.
- Does not improve with treatment.
Causes of psoriasis la psoriasis es contagiosa
Psoriasis is believed to be an immune system problem that causes the skin to regenerate at a faster rate than normal. In the most common type of psoriasis, known as plaque psoriasis, this rapid turnover of cells results in red spots and scales.
It is not entirely clear what causes the immune system to malfunction. Researchers believe that both genetics and environmental factors play a role. The condition is not contagious.
Triggers of psoriasis
Many people predisposed to psoriasis can be symptom-free for years until the disease is triggered by some environmental factor. Common triggers for psoriasis include the following:
- Infections, such as strep throat or skin infections
- The weather, especially cold and dryness
- Skin injuries, such as a cut or scrape, an insect bite, or a severe sunburn
- Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Certain medications, including lithium, high blood pressure medications, and antimalarial medications
- Rapid withdrawal of oral or systemic corticosteroids.
Anyone can develop psoriasis. About a third of cases begin in the years they are pediatric patients. These factors can increase your risk:
Family background. The condition is inherited. The fact that one of your parents has psoriasis increases your risk of contracting the disease, and if both of your parents have psoriasis, the risk increases even more.
Stress. Since stress can affect your immune system, elevated levels of stress can increase your risk of developing psoriasis.
Smoking tobacco not only increases your risk of psoriasis, but it can also increase the severity of the disease. Smoking can also interfere with the initial development of the disease.
If you have psoriasis, you are at higher risk of developing other conditions, including the following:
- Psoriatic arthritis, which causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in and near the joints
- Eye conditions, such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis, and uveitis
- Type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Other autoimmune diseases, such as celiac disease, sclerosis, and inflammatory bowel disease called Crohn’s disease
- Mental health conditions, such as low self-esteem and depression.
Psoriasis is contagious(la psoriasis es contagiosa) | All you need to know | Video
Video By: Alila Medical Media
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