What is Epilepsy and what are the symptoms of Epilepsy!
Epilepsy is also called Seizure Disorder.
First of all, for those who don’t know what Epilepsy is, Let me give you a brief introduction to Epilepsy disorder.
What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder in which the activity of nerve cells in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.
Due to seizures in the nerve, this disease is also called Seizure disorder. This chronic disease can affect people of all ages, the type of seizure may vary from person to person.
Symptoms of Epilepsy!
Signs or Symptoms of Epilepsy can be seen in various parts of the body.
Fatigue in the whole body is observed by the patient. Rhythmic muscle contraction (also called muscles spasm), needle pricking sensation can be felt in this condition.
The most common symptoms are Anxiety, Amnesia, depression and Seizures.
These are also the symptoms of Epilepsy.
- Temporary confusion and loss of consciousness.
- Uncontrollable jerking movement of arms and legs.
Patients suffering from a complex partial seizure mumble and suffer from memory loss. They stare at things and sense a change in the smell, taste and look of things. These patients also make repeated movements like rubbing hands smacking lips or picking at clothing. The symptoms of secondarily generalized seizures include severe jerking of limbs, falling down, loss of consciousness and stiffening of the body
Most patients of epilepsy may also have headaches, dizziness, fainting spells, and confusion and memory loss. They experience changes in mood or energy levels. Some patients froth at the mouth when they are overcome by severe spasms or convulsions. It is important for the family to know the symptoms of the type of epilepsy that the patient is suffering from. This makes it possible to get medical attention in the beginning stages of the seizure and prevent any major complication.
Diagnosis of Epilepsy!
Based on the above symptoms, Epilepsy can be self-diagnosed. If a person is experiencing abnormal behaviour and sensations, loss of consciousness, he/she may suffer from Epilepsy.
Fatigue or fainting may be experienced in the whole body. Sometimes, lab tests and imaging are required to diagnose the seriousness of the disease.
Seizures in Epilepsy
As we know that Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain and it happens when a seizure is caused in the nerve. A seizure may last as long as few minutes. Generally, People are diagnosed when they got at least 2 seizures or more.
There are many types of seizures in Epilepsy and a person may have more than one type.
Major types of seizures in Epilepsy
There are 2 major types of Seizures in Epilepsy.
1) Generalized Seizure: This type of seizure affects both sides of the brain.
Absence seizure and Tonic-clonic seizure comes under generalized seizure. Tonic-clonic is more dangerous as it can cause a person to cry and lose consciousness rapidly in comparison to an absence seizure.
2) Focal Seizure: This seizure is located in just one area of the brain so it is also called a partial seizure.
There are simple focal seizures and complex focal seizures. A small part of n is dissected in the Simple type whereas a large part is affected in the complex type, which can cause a person unable to respond for few minutes.
Cause of Epilepsy!
Though, there is not any identifiable cause of Epilepsy in most of the case. But we will tell you about some risk factors on which this disorder depends:
1. Genetic (family history)
If some of your family members is suffering from a seizure disorder and you also got this disease, then it’s likely that there is a genetic influence.
2. Brain strokes
Brain conditions like tumours or stroke, which cause damage to the brain and CNS, can also trigger the seizure condition.
3. Pre-birth Injury
Before birth, babies are very sensitive to brain damage, which depends on several factors like poor nutrition, oxygen deficiency or infection in the mother. That brain damage may cause epilepsy.
Sometimes, Epilepsy can be associated with developmental disorders like autism and neurofibromatosis.
Treatment of Epilepsy!
To be very honest in this case, We must say that treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured permanent, however, there are some treatments available in medicine.
Epilepsy is generally treated by medication. In severe cases, Surgery and dietary change are prescribed by a specialist.
Medication includes Nerve pain reliever, Anticonvulsant and Sedatives.
- Nerve pain reliever blocks pain that is caused by damaged nerves.
- Anticonvulsants prevent symptoms from certain psychiatric disorders.
- Sedative may be additive, cause calmness, drowsiness and dulled senses.
Now we think that you have learned a lot about Epilepsy and its symptoms. If then you have some questions in your mind regarding this disease, then following FAQ and their answers will satisfy you.
FAQ regarding Epilepsy :
1) Can epilepsy go away automatically?
– In most cases, Epilepsy is treated for a lifetime. So we can conclude that it can’t go away automatically. Proper treatment by specialists is required.
2) What is the main cause of epilepsy?
– Generally, brain conditions like tumours and strokes are considered as main causes of epilepsy.
3) What happens if epilepsy is left untreated?
– If epilepsy is left untreated, the nerve seizure may occur throughout a person’s life. It can become more severe and happen more often over time.
If untreated long time, it can affect emotional health which can be permanent.
4) Can anyone suddenly develop epilepsy?
– Very low chance, Epilepsy can develop at any age in any person but not suddenly.
5) Does epilepsy shorten the life span?
– Life expectancy is reduced by 2-3 years for a person suffering from Epilepsy. However, it can be reduced if diagnosed on time have had proper treatment.
6) Does epilepsy worsen with age and time?
– Of course yes, Not this disorder but almost every disease is worse with time and age if not diagnosed or treated early.
In Epilepsy case, Seizure happens more and create more health issues if untreated for a long time.
7) How does a person with epilepsy behave?
– Sudden behavioural change is seen in a person having Epilepsy disorder. Depressive moods, lack of energy, pain, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, and euphoric moods are some of the most common changes in Epilepsy disorder.
8) What foods should you avoid if you have epilepsy?
– Food that may cause slumps and energy peaks should be avoided in Epilepsy. Biscuit, Cake, high sugar drinks, Watermelon, Dates, potatoes and honey are some of the foods that should be avoided in Epilepsy disorder.
9) Can epilepsy be caused by stress?
-There is no such medical record that seizure is caused by stress but sometimes stress can contribute to developing epilepsy.
10) Is Epilepsy a mental illness?
-No, it can’t be considered a mental illness. The truth is that several people with Epilepsy don’t have any psychological disorder or cognitive problem.
We hope that you have got the information about this Nervous system disease Epilepsy, for which you are reading this article. If still, you have some dilemma, you can ask. we will try to clear that in the next article.
We wish you a healthy life. Stay happy, stay healthy and build a healthy society.
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